Ionic là gì

For developers & teams evaluating new approaches to lớn app development, this guide provides an overview of Capacitor and how it stacks up against Cordova as the preferred foundation for hybrid di động apps.

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Modern web-based Smartphone tiện ích và hybrid app development has evolved considerably in the last few years. For those who only know hybrid as Cordova or PhoneGap, it’s time khổng lồ take another look at the capabilities of modern hybrid phầm mềm development with Capacitor, a new open source hybrid phầm mềm runtime created by the team behind the popular Framework. Note: For a quichồng primer on hybrid ứng dụng development, kiểm tra out our ebook.

What is Capacitor?

Capacitor is an open source project that runs modern Web Apps natively on iOS, Android, Electron, & Web (using Progressive Web App technology) while providing a powerful & easy-to-use interface for accessing Native SDKs & Native APIs on each platsize. As an alternative lớn Cordova, Capacitor delivers the same cross-platsize benefits, but with a more modern approach khổng lồ tiện ích development, taking advantage of the lathử nghiệm Web APIs và native sầu platsize capabilities.

It might be helpful to think of Capacitor as a powerful new browser for modern Web Apps that unlocks the full native sầu functionality of each platkhung through consistent cross-platsize APIs. Using Capacitor, developers can build one ứng dụng and target one mix of APIs regardless of the platkhung the phầm mềm is running on, as opposed to managing multiple APIs for each target platkhung.

This means that, for example, accessing the Camera uses the same code on iOS/Android as it does on Electron and on the website. This makes it easy to build one web ứng dụng that runs natively on điện thoại, desktop, và the website as a Progressive Web App!

At the over of the day, Capacitor apps are native apps. They can incorporate native UI controls and access any native sầu SDK or API available on the platform. But unlike more traditional native sầu apps, Capacitor apps will likely have the bulk of the phầm mềm running in an embedded WebView control that unlocks desired cross-platsize benefits and efficiencies.

What is Cordova/PhoneGap?

Like Capacitor, Cordova is an open source project that runs web apps across multiple platforms, though not Electron nor website as a Progressive sầu Web App. 

Cordova is the open source core of the commercial Adobe PhoneGap project, & for the purposes of this discussion they can be considered equivalent.

While Cordova và Capacitor have sầu some similarities, the projects make very different decisions at several key points, such that the experience of the two projects is very different. Capacitor, released in 2018, also uses many new modern APIs that were not available when Cordova was created baông chồng in 2009.

Why are more developers using Capacitor?

First-class Progressive sầu Web App (PWA) Support

Capacitor is the only native runtime khổng lồ deliver first-class support for web apps and Progressive Web Apps.

In fact, we’ve taken it a step further by building out a collection of UI experiences for APIs like Camera that bring the native sầu app UI experience users expect lớn Progressive sầu Web Apps. We điện thoại tư vấn this the Progressive Web App OS.

On top of that, building plugins that offer website functionality as a fallbaông chồng is just as easy as adding a few files khổng lồ your plugin! Capacitor will only use your web implementation if the native one is not available, so users can use the exact same API when running on iOS, Android, Electron, and the Web.

Capacitor takes a “website first” approach, và believes that the core of every great cross-platform hybrid ứng dụng is a unique, modern Progressive Web App. This keeps your ứng dụng aligned with the rapidly evolving web platform while enabling powerful native sầu device functionality on platforms that support it.

Simple yet powerful CLI tooling that is version managed per-app

Capacitor provides a small CLI tool that is installed locally khổng lồ each tiện ích. That means there are no global dependencies khổng lồ manage & it’s easy to lớn use different versions of Capacitor across every tiện ích you build.

This is a boon to teams that are building multiple apps with potentially differing dependency versions or version management processes.

Native sầu and website development teams can work side-by-side

Since Capacitor apps are actual native sầu apps and a key design consideration of Capacitor is embracing native tooling, Capacitor enables teams that have a mixture of traditional native di động & website developers khổng lồ collaborate on di động ứng dụng projects.

Cordova, in contrast, works through an abstraction layer that manages the underlying native platsize project & source files for you. This makes it harder lớn drop down lớn native sầu code or work with a traditional native sầu di động development process, & can result in custom changes being lost.

In Capacitor, traditional native di động developers can use their programming languages of choice (Swift/Objective-C on iOS, Java/Kotlin on Android) to build UI experiences or business lô ghích và then expose them lớn the Web layer through Capacitor’s JavaScript-to-native sầu APIs.

Additionally, developers can quickly add custom native sầu code for specific platforms & optionally expose that code khổng lồ the Web layer, ensuring an ứng dụng team never gets stuchồng implementing the functionality it needs.

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Add hybrid và web to an existing native app

Capacitor adds superpowers lớn the traditional Web View control available on each platform, and it was designed khổng lồ be used anywhere a Web View would be used. That means it can easily be dropped inlớn an existing native tiện ích codebase, making it possible lớn build certain screens of the ứng dụng using Web Technology without the need khổng lồ make any sweeping changes khổng lồ the rest of the phầm mềm codebase.

This is also a great way to let other teams that may have more of a traditional web development skillset participate in the development of the tiện ích without getting in the way of a traditional native development process.

Strong and growing adoption

Capacitor today is installed over 1.5 million times a year, và is currently powering major production enterprise apps with hundreds of millions of users.

Top global fast-food chains are deploying in-store experiences for mobile and desktop on Capacitor. Companies like Southwest are building out all new hire onboarding experiences on Capacitor &, và popular consumer apps lượt thích Sworkit have sầu built their latest-and-greatest versions on top of Capacitor (and 4+ in this case!).

That's just a small sample of teams building on Capacitor. Suffice lớn say that Capacitor is taking the hybrid tiện ích development ecosystem by storm & is a growing part of’s enterprise di động business.

Capacitor has even convinced native sầu developers or users of alternative platforms that see the benefits of website development on di động và are happy that Capacitor is finally providing the development experience they desire.

Capacitor is Enterprise ready

Support và enterprise-specific functionality available

Capacitor is truly unique as an open source project in that it has a real company behind it that is in the business of enterprise tiện ích development. That means it's our business lớn provide teams building mission-critical apps the tư vấn & enterprise-specific functionality they need khổng lồ be successful và reduce risk. is the creator of Framework & works with hundreds of enterprise customers building everything from major consumer transportation apps, fast-food retail apps, internal B2E apps, và a whole lot more. is here to help with dedicated support across Capacitor và its native sầu APIs, as well as providing advanced enterprise native features lượt thích secure token management, encrypted offline storage, & OpenID authentication. Additionally, teams can build best-of-breed user experiences on top of Capacitor using the highly popular Framework.

Capacitor is well maintained

Capacitor is a key aspect of’s mobile infrastructure and the infrastructure of its customers. That means security & functionality issues are discovered, fixed, & released quickly. Cordova, in contrast, works on a more classic group consensus system &, as it is not driven by business or tư vấn goals, does not prioritize the needs of any specific users. Cordova is also a volunteer driven effort.

Capacitor has a full time team of engineers, sản phẩm management, marketing, and customer success experts dedicated to lớn customer and project success.

Migrating lớn Capacitor is easy

And Capacitor is backwards compatible with Cordova

If your team is currently using Cordova & curious about moving lớn Capacitor, then it will be welcome to know that Capacitor has backwards compatible support for a large swath of existing Cordova plugins. 

Additionally, migrating khổng lồ Capacitor from Cordova is well documented và straightforward.

Getting Started with Capacitor

Capacitor was designed lớn drop inlớn any existing modern website phầm mềm project & instantly add native and cross-platform capabilities.

To get started, follow the Capacitor Installation guide on the official Capacitor developer documentation site.

Get in touch

Capacitor can accelerate your organization’s Mobile and website development efforts, & the team is here khổng lồ help along the way.

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Interested in learning more about Capacitor, enterprise tư vấn và advanced integrations, or the platform in general? Get in touch, we’d love sầu lớn see how we can help your organization build market-leading apps in a fraction of time compared to lớn traditional phầm mềm development.

Chuyên mục: Kiến thức